Self determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000) distinguishes between identified and introjected internalization of religious practices, positing that the former is experienced as autonomous, whereas the latter is experienced as controlling. A study of Italian Catholic youth showed that identified internalization was predicted by: (1) Parents' behaviours reflecting basic autonomy support (BAS: behaviours involving perspective-taking, choice-provision and control-minimization), (2) Youth-group leader BAS, (3) Parents' Intrinsic value demonstration (IVD), and (4) Peers' IVD. Introjected internalization was predicted by: (1) Conditional parental regard (CR), and (2) Peers' IVD. Perceived parental warmth did not mitigate the effect of CR on introjection. Globally, the study underscores the importance of two socializing behaviours rarely studied in the area of religious socialization: intrinsic value demonstration and conditional regard. The findings also highlight the harmful nature of CR in the religion domain as a practice whose robust negative effects on internalization cannot be eliminated by more salutary parental behaviours as warmth.
|Journal||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- religious groups
- religious identity