Attentional orienting and awareness: evidence from a discrimination task

Paolo Bartolomeo, María Fernanda López-Ramón, Ana B. Chica, Juan Lupiáñez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


We used several cue-target SOAs (100, 500, 1000 ms) and three different degrees of cue predictability (Non-predictive-50%, Predictive-75%, Counter-predictive-25%), to investigate the role of awareness of cue-target predictability on cueing effects. A group of participants received instructions about the informative value of the cue, while another group did not receive such instructions. Participants were able to extract the predictive value of a spatially peripheral cue and use it to orient attention, whether or not specific instructions about the predictive value of the cue were given, and no matter their ability to correctly report it in a post-test questionnaire. In the non-predictive block, bad estimators who received no instructions showed regular cueing effects, while good estimators exhibited smaller and non-significant facilitatory effects at the short SOA and an absence of significant IOR at longer SOAs. However, for the instructions group, the pattern of results reversed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-755
Number of pages11
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Attention
  • Awareness
  • Cues
  • Discrimination (Psychology)
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Orientation
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Questionnaires
  • Reaction Time
  • Young Adult


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