Attachment style predict compliance, quality of life and renal function in adult patients after kidney transplant: preliminary results

Giovanni Camardese, Jacopo Romagnoli, Franco Citterio, Rosaria Calia, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Silvia Lai, Giara Amato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: Aim of this study was to evaluate the association between attachment style, compliance, quality of life and renal function in adult patients after kidney transplantation. METHODS: A total of 43 adult patients who received a kidney transplant more than 3 months before were enrolled and were asked to complete two Self-Report questionnaires: Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ-40) and Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Also compliance was measured using appropriate questions. RESULTS: Linear regression analysis showed associations between the confidence in relationships (ASQ-40) and compliance [beta = -0.37; B = -0.02; t(41) = -2.51; p = 0.02]; aspects of anxious attachment style (ASQ-40) and creatinine levels [beta = 0.3; B = 0.13; t(41) = 2.03; p = 0.04]; aspects of avoidant attachment style (ASQ-40) and compliance [beta = -0.37; B = -3.15; t(41) = -2.35; p = 0.02]. Patients who exhibited avoidant attachment had a significantly better perception of their own general health than patients with anxious [F(2,37) = 6.8; p < 0.05] or secure attachment; however, they had a worse perception regarding role limitations due to emotional problems, compared to patients with anxious attachment [F(2,37) = 6.4; p < 0.05]. DISCUSSION: The results of this study suggest that the evaluation of the attachment style in adult kidney transplant patients can contribute to plan a goal-directed psychological support program for these patients, in order to increase their compliance. The association between aspects of anxious attachment style and creatinine level needs more investigations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-680
Number of pages3
JournalRenal Failure
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • COMPLIANCE
  • TRANSPLANTATION

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