Assessment of resting perfusion defects in patients with acute myocardial infarction: comparison of myocardial contrast echocardiography, combined first-pass/delayed contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and 99mTC-sestamibi SPECT.

Antonella Lombardo, Leonarda Galiuto, Luigi Natale, Alessandro Giordano, Filippo Crea, Vittoria Rizzello, Antonio Giuseppe Rebuzzi, Francesco Loperfido, Attilio Maseri

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Information on the accuracy of both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) for the identification of perfusion defects in patients with acute myocardial infarction is limited. We evaluated the accuracy of MRI and MCE, using Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) imaging as reference technique. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive patients underwent MCE, MRI and 99mTc-MIBI SPECT after acute myocardial infarction to assess myocardial perfusion. MCE was performed by Harmonic Power Angio Mode, with end-systolic triggering 1:4, using i.v. injection of Levovist. First-pass and delayed enhancement MRI was obtained after i.v administration of Gadolinium-DTPA. At MCE, homogeneous perfusion was considered as normal and absent or "patchy" perfusion as abnormal. At MRI, homogenous contrast enhancement was defined as normal whereas hypoenhancement at first-pass followed by hyperenhancement or persisting hypoenhancement in delayed images was defined as abnormal. RESULTS: At MCE 153 (68%) of segments were suitable for analysis compared to 220 (98%) segments at MRI (p<0.001). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MCE for segmental perfusion defects in these 153 segments were 83, 73 and 77%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI were 63, 82, and 77%, respectively. MCE and MRI showed a moderate agreement with SPECT (k: 0.52 and 0.46, respectively). The agreement between MCE and MRI was better (k: 0.67) that the one of each technique with SPECT. CONCLUSION: MCE and MRI may be clinically useful in the assessment of perfusion defects in patients with acute myocardial infarction, even thought MCE imaging may be difficult to obtain in a considerable proportion of segments when the Intermittent Harmonic Angio Mode is used
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-428
Number of pages12
JournalThe International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging.
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • acute myocardial infarction
  • myocardial contrast echocardiography
  • perfusion defects

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