Assessment of congenital neutropenia in children: common clinical sceneries and clues for management

Ilaria Lazzareschi, Elena Rossi, Donato Rigante, Luca Benacquista, Ludovica Iezzi, A Curatola, G Capozio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A disparate group of rare hematological diseases characterized by impaired maturation of neutrophil granulocytes defines congenital neutropenias. Neutropenic patients are prone to recurrent infections beginning in the first months of life. Of interest is "cyclic neutropenia," an ultra-rare disorder revealed by sinusoidal variations in the neutrophil count and recurring infections every 21 days. Diagnosis of these disorders is frequently obscured by the multiple causes of recurrent fevers in children. The aim of this overview is to outline the physical assessment of children presenting with early-onset symptomatic neutropenia, identify the disease between the many medical conditions and even emergencies which should enter in differential diagnosis, hint at the potential management with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, define the risk of evolution to hematologic malignancy, and summarize inter-professional team strategies for improving care coordination and outcomes of patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalMediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Neutropenia


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