Aristotelismo difficile. L'intelletto umano nella prospettiva di Alberto Magno, Tommaso d'Aquino e Sigieri di Brabante

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Aristotleism difficult. The human intellect in the perspective of Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas and Sigieri of Brabant

Antonio Petagine

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The human soul, its nature and its destiny were among the most exciting themes of medieval philosophy, particularly in the 13th century. The "return" to the medieval Latin world of the works of Aristotle and of great figures of Greek and Arab aristotelianism, such as Avicenna and Averroè, stimulated the desire, in authors such as Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas, to construct a specifically philosophical discourse around the man. To realize these intentions, they have taken as their central thesis the Aristotelian idea that the intellect, which constitutes the most noble and essential part of the human soul, is "immaterial". However, this theoretical choice leads them to face several questions that they admit are difficult to solve. What relationship can establish a completely immaterial intellect with the body? How can we say that such an intellect belongs to us, individuals who inhabit time and space? Can an immaterial intellect await the Christian resurrection? These difficulties find a sort of recapitulation in the acute and dramatic figure of Sigieri di Brabante: his desire to follow a rigorously rational and philosophical method, as well as the Aristotelian inspiration of his journey, bring him the right to clash with the authority religious and with those same theologians, in particular Thomas Aquinas, of whom he had enthusiastically received numerous doctrines. The text therefore offers punctual and up-to-date analyzes, which, in addition to giving us a historical cross-section reconstructed with rigor, push us to measure ourselves in a non-superficial way with what have been for centuries the most important categories for understanding human nature: the "soul "And the" intellect ".
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Aristotleism difficult. The human intellect in the perspective of Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas and Sigieri of Brabant
Original languageItalian
PublisherVita e Pensiero
Number of pages318
ISBN (Print)88-343-5023-5
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Albert the Great
  • Siger of Brabant
  • Thomas Aquinas
  • averroism
  • intellect
  • soul

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