Aree metropolitane, opere infrastrutturali e governo del territorio. Riflessioni e proposte metodologiche sul ruolo della valutazione ambientale strategica

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Metropolitan areas, infrastructural works and territorial governance. Reflections and methodological proposals on the role of strategic environmental assessment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] For many years the rules, the instruments and the practice of territorial governance have been confronted with the ex ante environmental assessments: first with the environmental impact assessment for public and private works projects (EIA), then with the strategic environmental assessment for plans and programs (SEA) and with the evaluation of incidence for plans, programs and projects of incident works on areas of particular environmental and naturalistic value (VINCA). Of the three procedures, the SEA is the one most directly and widely connected to the planning tools, of which it controls the potential environmental effects. It systematically supports the process of building the plan, leading to the selection of the most suitable strategic alternative from the environmental point of view: due to this connection, some authors go as far as to qualify the SEA as "endoprocedura", ie as an internal procedure to the planning. The relationship between SEA and urban and territorial plans has been consolidated over time according to a design already clear to the European Commission in the early 1980s when, in the drafting of the EIA Directive 85/337 / EEC, the need clearly emerged to add the SEA of plans and programs to the EIA of the projects, but they preferred to postpone the adoption of the second pending adequate maturation of the first. It is therefore not out of place to argue that for 30 years now, with different incidence and growing in the last 10-15 years, the disciplines pertaining to the government of the territory - and among these primarily urban and territorial planning - are called to deal with the SEA: this is true in Europe and, at least in part, also in Italy, thanks to the regional legislative initiative, especially in urban planning. What is the specific purpose of the SEA in relation to the plan and what is its placement in the chain of ex ante environmental assessment tools (and therefore in the corresponding chain of territorial government instruments) is by now established. What must be built, and is in fact being built thanks to the emerging practice, is a way of relating to the plan that is really effective, which allows the SEA to achieve its goals (improve the environmental quality of the strategic choices made by the plans) , without overlapping with other instruments (first of all, the EIA) and avoiding "calibration defects" (in relation to the phases, the level of detail and the tools used in the evaluation process). We are therefore in a moment in which the disciplinary reflection must turn to the practice and tools being consolidated in the Italian regions. The question has a clear methodological significance, which stands out even more in the metropolitan territories in which the boundary traced by the plan - to which the SEA ordinarily refers - is in fact unsuitable for making truly strategic choices. With the additional complexity of the infrastructural works, assessed and mitigated in the impacts from the EIA, but often designed in the absence of a reference plan / program (to which the SEA applies) and proposed by subjects (public and / or private companies) that do not they belong to the sphere of territorial public bodies. To identify possible solutions, an empirical survey was conducted on 5 aggregations of Lombard municipalities, which involved about fifty administrations, in addition to the subjects competent in matters of government of the territory or holders of environmental information. The research, which ended in February 2009, enabled us to develop a supra-municipal scale assessment methodology, aimed at the prior definition of a "shared strategic reference framework" (QRSC) from which to derive environmental sustainability objectives for the area vast, useful both for the management of the SEA of the individual plans
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Metropolitan areas, infrastructural works and territorial governance. Reflections and methodological proposals on the role of strategic environmental assessment
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)79-103
Number of pages25
JournalAestimum
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • aree metropolitane
  • opere infrastrutturali
  • valutazione ambientale strategica

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of '[Autom. eng. transl.] Metropolitan areas, infrastructural works and territorial governance. Reflections and methodological proposals on the role of strategic environmental assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this