Are patients brain-dead after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest suitable as organ donors? A systematic review

Claudio Sandroni, Tommaso Sanna, Massimo Antonelli, Fabio Cavallaro, Cristina Marano, Christophe Adrie, Mehran Monchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To compare the outcome of organs retrieved from patients brain dead due to cardiac arrest (CA) with that of organs retrieved from patients brain dead due to other causes (non-CA). METHODS: Systematic review. Clinical studies comparing the outcome of patients and organs retrieved from donors brain dead after being resuscitated from cardiac arrest with that of patients and organs retrieved from donors brain dead not due to cardiac arrest were considered for inclusion. Full-text articles were searched on MEDLINE, EmBASE, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Register of Systematic Reviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: One-year patient or organ survival rate. RESULTS: Four studies fulfilling inclusion criteria were found and three had sufficient quality to be included in final analysis. A total of 858 organs were transplanted from 741 donors. Since the transplanted organs (heart, liver, kidney, lung and intestine) were different in the three studies, metanalysis was not performed. There were no significant differences in 1-year survival rates between CA and non-CA groups. No significant differences were reported for 5-year survival rates, early recovery of transplanted organ function, and organ rejection rates. CONCLUSION: Survival rates of kidneys, livers, hearts and intestines retrieved from CA donors were not significantly different from that of organs transplanted from non-CA donors. Patients brain dead after having been resuscitated from cardiac arrest can be considered as potential donors for organ transplantation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1609-1614
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Brain death
  • Resuscitation

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