Application of a Clinical Workflow May Lead to Increased Diagnostic Precision in Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias and Cerebellar Ataxias: A Single Center Experience

Salvatore Rossi, Gabriella Silvestri, Tommaso Filippo Nicoletti, Alessia Perna, Vittorio Riso, Alessandra Tessa, Lorena Travaglini, Ginevra Zanni, Chiara Aiello, Melissa Barghigiani, Maria Grazia Pomponi, Filippo M. Santorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The molecular characterization of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias (HSP) and inherited cerebellar ataxias (CA) is challenged by their clinical and molecular heterogeneity. The recent application of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies is increasing the diagnostic rate, which can be influenced by patients’ selection. To assess if a clinical diagnosis of CA/HSP received in a third-level reference center might impact the molecular diagnostic yield, we retrospectively evaluated the molecular diagnostic rate reached in our center on 192 unrelated families (90 HSP and 102 CA) (i) before NGS and (ii) with the use of NGS gene panels. Overall, 46.3% of families received a genetic diagnosis by first-tier individual gene screening: 43.3% HSP and 50% spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA). The diagnostic rate was 56.7% in AD-HSP, 55.5% in AR-HSP, and 21.2% in sporadic HSP. On the other hand, 75% AD-, 52% AR- and 33% sporadic CA were diagnosed. So far, 32 patients (24 CA and 8 HSP) were further assessed by NGS gene panels, and 34.4% were diagnosed, including 29.2% CA and 50% HSP patients. Eleven novel gene variants classified as (likely) pathogenic were identified. Our results support the role of experienced clinicians in the diagnostic assessment and the clinical research of CA and HSP even in the next generation era.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-N/A
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • HSP
  • NGS
  • SCA
  • ataxia
  • hereditary spastic paraplegia

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