[Autom. eng. transl.] Pollinators, or pollinators, are of fundamental importance for maintaining natural biodiversity and for the survival of humanity itself. The reproduction of 80% of plant species in Europe is based on entomophilous pollination, that is to say mediated by insects, and about one third of our food, including products of animal origin, depends on crops pollinated in particular by bees. In the last ten years there have been many sudden deaths of this insect and the phenomenon has been called Colony collapse disorder (Ccd), "beehive collapse disorder", a syndrome with causes that are not yet clear leading to the complete extinction of the family. In 2007 the mortality of honey bees in Italy was estimated at 37.5%, against the physiological value of 10-15%. The CCD is a worrying and difficult interpretation due to the many factors probably involved: the increasing incidence of Varroa destructor infestations, a mite parasite of bees that causes malformations, high mortality in all stages of development and a general deterioration of the colony ; bee-keeping diseases of various kinds, including nosemiasis and virosis; the possible use of incorrect practices in beekeeping; radiation, climate change, crop protection products, in general, and, in particular, insecticide treatments on fields near the colonies.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Api e neonicotinoidi|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Apis mellifera
- colony collapse disorder