Antisense to Epstein Barr virus-encoded LMP1 does not affect the transcription of viral and cellular proliferation-related genes, but induces phenotypic effects on EBV-transformed B lymphocytes

Silvia Masciarelli, Benedetta Mattioli, Roberta Galletti, Paola Samoggia, Silvia Chichiarelli, Giulia Mearini, Elena Mattia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is generally accepted that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent genes EBNA-2, EBNA-3A,-3C, EBNA-LP and LMP1 are essential for growth transformation and immortalization of B lymphocytes. Among these genes, LMP1 plays a key role in the survival and dissemination of the infected B cells by inducing anti-apoptotic genes and surface expression of several activation antigens and adhesion molecules. We have previously shown that antisense oligodeoxynucleotides directed to LMP1 mRNA, effectively suppress LMP1 gene expression and substantially reduce B95.8 cell proliferation. In this study, we have used antisense LMP1 oligomers to investigate whether LMP1 suppression might influence the expression of latent EBV genes with oncogenic potential, anti-apoptotic genes, or affect the phenotype of EBV-infected B95.8 cells. Our data show that LMP1 suppression does not affect the transcription of EBNA-2, EBNA-3A,-3B and-3C genes, or that of bcl-2 and mcl-1 anti-apoptotic genes. In contrast, consistent modifications in the expression of CD39, CD54, CD23, CD11 and CD10 molecules were observed in B95.8 cells after treatment with antisense LMP1. Our findings support the possibility for using LMP1 antisense oligomers as therapeutics in EBV-associated tumors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4166-4170
Number of pages5
JournalOncogene
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Anti-apoptotic genes
  • Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides
  • B cell phenotype
  • B-Lymphocytes
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • DNA Primers
  • EBV
  • EBV transforming genes
  • Genes, Viral
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human
  • Immunophenotyping
  • LMP1
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Viral Matrix Proteins

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