Antioxidant status and dialysis: plasma and saliva antioxidant activity in patients with fluctuating urate levels

Elisabetta Meucci Calabrese, Cristiano Littarru, Giorgio Deli, Giovanna Luciani, Luigi Tazza, Gian Littarru, Paolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)


The present study is concerned with the influence of processes occurring during dialysis on the antioxidant capacity of plasma and saliva. The biological fluids were also tested for uric acid and total protein content. Before hemodialysis, plasma antioxidant status of hemodialyzed patients appears slightly higher than the corresponding status in normal subjects; after hemodialysis it is found unchanged. The result can be explained by a balance between a reduction in uric acid plasma content, due to the dialytic procedure, and an increase in protein content, possibly due to a dialysis-related hemoconcentration. Moreover, pre-dialysis total antioxidant capacity of whole saliva samples is higher than in healthy individuals and drastically decreases towards normal values following dialytic procedure. Our data indicate a certain concentration of the uric acid in the saliva of hemodialyzed patients and evidence that both total protein concentration and uric acid level show a good correlation with saliva total antioxidant capacity, suggesting that proteins are major antioxidants of this fluid. Further observations are needed to assess whether this improved saliva antioxidant ability has any consequence on the periodontal conditions of hemodialyzed subjects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-376
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Research
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • dialysis
  • oxidative stress
  • saliva
  • uric acid


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