Idebenone, a synthetic analogue of coenzyme Q, attenuates noise-induced hearing loss by virtue of its antioxidant properties. This study involves a guinea pig model of acoustic trauma where the effectiveness of idebenone is analyzed in comparison with Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) that exhibits a potent antioxidant activity in the inner ear. Idebenone and vitamin E were injected intraperitoneally 1 h before noise exposure and once daily for three days; functional and morphological studies were then carried out, respectively, by auditory brainstem responses evaluation, scanning electron microscopy and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labelling assay identification of missing and apoptotic cells was also performed. The results showed that the protective effects of idebenone and vitamin E were not additive implying that the two antioxidants may share competitive mechanisms.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|