Anabolic Hormone Deficiencies in Heart Failure with Reduced or Preserved Ejection Fraction and Correlation with Plasma Total Antioxidant Capacity

Andrea Silvestrini, Elisabetta Meucci, Antonio Mancini, Carmine Bruno, Maria Anna Nicolazzi, Edoardo Vergani, Nunzia Ciferri, Nicola Nicolotti, Roberta D'Assante, Antonio Cittadini

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Abstract

While anabolic hormone deficit is a common finding in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), few data are available in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods. Blood samples were collected for metabolic (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, creatinine, and glucose) and hormonal (IGF-1, DHEA-S, TSH, fT3, fT4, and T) determination, comparing 30 patients with HFpEF and 20 patients with HFrEF. Total antioxidant capacity was evaluated by using the spectrophotometric method using the latency time in the appearance of the radical species of a chromogen (LAG, sec) as a parameter proportional to antioxidant content of the sample. Echocardiographic parameters were also assessed in the two groups. Results. A high prevalence of testosterone (32% in HFrEF and 72% in HFpEF, ) and DHEA-S deficiencies was observed in HFpEF patients. Echocardiographic parameters did not correlate with hormone values. A significant direct correlation between T (r2 = 0.25, ) and DHEA-S (r2 = 0.19, ) with LAG was observed only in HFpEF. Conclusion. Anabolic hormone deficiency is clearly shown in HFpEF, as already known in HFrEF. Although longitudinal studies are required to confirm the prognostic value of this observation, our data suggest different mechanisms in modulating antioxidants in the two conditions, with possible therapeutic implications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Endocrinology
Volume2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • anabolic hormone

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