An X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy joint study of neuroglobin.

Alessandro Arcovito, Tommaso Moschetti, Paola D'Angelo, Giordano Mancini, Beatrice Vallone, Maurizio Brunori, Stefano Della Longa

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuroglobin (Ngb) is a member of the globin family expressed in the vertebrate brain, involved in neuroprotection. A combined approach of X-ray diffraction (XRD) on single crystal and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) in solution, allows to determine the oxidation state and the structure of the Fe-heme both in the bis-histidine and the CO-bound (NgbCO) states. The overall data demonstrate that under Xray the iron is photoreduced fairly rapidly, and that the previously reported X-ray structure of ferric Ngb [B. Vallone, K. Nienhaus, M. Brunori, G.U. Nienhaus, Proteins 56 (2004) 85-92] very likely refers to a photoreduced species indistinguishable from the dithionite reduced protein. Results from the XAS analysis of NgbCO in solution are in good agreement with XRD data on the crystal. However prolonged X-ray exposure at 15 K determines CO release. This preliminary result paves the way to experiments aimed at the characterization of pentacoordinate ferrous Ngb, the only species competent in binding external ligands such as O-2, CO or NO
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-13
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • EXAFS
  • XANES
  • neuroglobin

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