In this work we present an integrated biosensor that enables FTIR (Fourier Transform-Infrared) detection of analytes contained in diluted solutions. The fabricated nanosensor allows for the detection of proteins through the identification of the fine structure of their amide I and II bands, up to the nanomolar concentration range. We exploited two distinct effects to enhance the sensitivity: (i) the concentration effect due to the presence of the superhydrophobic surface that conveys molecules dispersed in solution directly inside the focus of a FTIR spectromicroscope; (ii) the plasmonic resonance of the nanoantenna array that provides electromagnetic field enhancement in the amide I and II spectral region (1500–1700 cm−1). We demonstrate the detection of ferritin in the nanomolar concentration range, a blood protein that is usually available in small amounts in typical blood samples.
- Surface Enhanced Spectroscopy