An approach to diabetic ketoacidosis in an emergency setting

Dario Pitocco, Salvatore Caputo, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Mauro Di Leo, Linda Tartaglione, Alessandro Rizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the most commonly encountered diabetic complication emergencies. It typically affects people with type 1 diabetes at the onset of the disease. It can also affect people with type 2 diabetes, although this is uncommon. Methods: Research and online content related to diabetes online activity is reviewed. DKA is caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and elevated levels of counter-regulatory hormones. Results: Goals of therapy are to correct dehydration, acidosis, and to reverse ketosis, gradually restoring blood glucose concentration to near normal. Conclusion: It is essential to monitor potential complications of DKA and, if necessary, to treat them and any precipitating events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-288
Number of pages11
JournalReviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Children
  • Complications
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Glycemic control
  • Insulin pump therapy
  • Medicine
  • Mortality
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

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