Agricoltura, sviluppo rurale e politica regionale nell'Unione europea

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Agriculture, rural development and regional policy in the European Union

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The history of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reflects many of the expectations, progress and crises of the integration design that has been crossing Europe for more than half a century and which has led, with often troubled and complex paths, to the current European Union (EU). A design, made project and politics, born on the ruins of the Second World War, when food supply and self-sufficiency were at the top of the priorities of economic and social reconstruction, and agriculture was a sector to be supported and developed in a Europe still strongly rural. A very different scenario from the current one, characterized by the globalization of agricultural markets, which sees the emergence of countries (such as China, Brazil or India) which were then absent from the world agricultural trade scene. The CAP has been, and is, the most important, as well as the most complex, among European policies, at least in financial terms, having absorbed two thirds of the Community budget for decades, a proportion reduced to less than 50% only in times recent and still today well above 30% of EU expenditure. A heavy financial commitment, aimed at achieving a single market, but also to guarantee a Community preference for European agricultural products and to protect these products from imports, thanks to a complex system of price support, import levies and export subsidies , concocted and maintained for decades in order to guarantee farmers higher domestic prices than the world market. All this in order to achieve two goals: satisfying the food needs of the European population and guaranteeing adequate incomes for agricultural producers. A commitment that has achieved successful results, firstly promoting the growth and therefore the stability of the agricultural production of the community, but which at the same time has not protected the income of all the farmers, having focused mainly on certain productions and some types of producers, and which has often imposed unsuitable agricultural models for a balanced relationship with the rural territory. Thus, a rigid and complex, but above all inefficient, inefficient and often unfair protection system originated, as it is highly protectionist, distorted with respect to the rules of international trade, detached from the reference markets, a source of environmental and health problems and sometimes even inhibited the best expression of entrepreneurial initiative. For these reasons, the CAP has undergone numerous reforms, which have occurred since the early 1990s. The set of these reforms, not all equally incisive, outlines quite clearly what the characteristics of European agriculture must be in the coming years: market orientation, international competitiveness, wholesomeness and product quality, overcoming support based predominantly on the legal status, recourse to incentives commensurate with the actual benefits of public interest provided by farmers, specific attention to environmental protection, redevelopment of agri-food chains, integration with other productive sectors, structural action aimed at economic and social diversification of rural areas, development models differentiated on a territorial scale. An agriculture, in other words, that tries to experiment a concrete recognition of its multifunctional nature, developing new skills and new entrepreneurship. In this sense, also the Fischler reform of 2003 is certainly not a point of arrival, but the beginning (or, for certain themes, the continuation) of a path that agricultural producers, rural communities, consumers and European citizens have already partially addressed and that they will still have to face after 2013, in addition to c
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Agriculture, rural development and regional policy in the European Union
Original languageItalian
PublisherFranco Angeli
Number of pages297
ISBN (Print)9788846492258
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • agricoltura
  • politica agricola
  • politica regionale
  • sviluppo rurale
  • unione europea

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