Advancing the scientific study of prehospital mass casualty response through a Translational Science process: the T1 scoping literature review stage

Eric S. Weinstein, Joseph L. Cuthbertson, Teri Lynn Herbert, George T. Voicescu, Michelangelo Bortolin, Sabina Magalini, Daniele Gui, Mariana Helou, Kristina Lennquist Montan, Carl Montan, Chaim Rafalowsky, Giuseppe Ratto, Stefano Damele, Simone Bazurro, Itamar Laist, Federica Marzi, Alessandro Borrello, Pietro Fransvea, Andrea Fidanzio, Carlos Yanez BenitezRoberto Faccincani, Luca Ragazzoni, Marta Caviglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation funding program awarded the NIGHTINGALE grant to develop a toolkit to support first responders engaged in prehospital (PH) mass casualty incident (MCI) response. To reach the projects’ objectives, the NIGHTINGALE consortium used a Translational Science (TS) process. The present work is the first TS stage (T1) aimed to extract data relevant for the subsequent modified Delphi study (T2) statements. Methods: The authors were divided into three work groups (WGs) MCI Triage, PH Life Support and Damage Control (PHLSDC), and PH Processes (PHP). Each WG conducted simultaneous literature searches following the PRISMA extension for scoping reviews. Relevant data were extracted from the included articles and indexed using pre-identified PH MCI response themes and subthemes. Results: The initial search yielded 925 total references to be considered for title and abstract review (MCI Triage 311, PHLSDC 329, PHP 285), then 483 articles for full reference review (MCI Triage 111, PHLSDC 216, PHP 156), and finally 152 articles for the database extraction process (MCI Triage 27, PHLSDC 37, PHP 88). Most frequent subthemes and novel concepts have been identified as a basis for the elaboration of draft statements for the T2 modified Delphi study. Conclusion: The three simultaneous scoping reviews allowed the extraction of relevant PH MCI subthemes and novel concepts that will enable the NIGHTINGALE consortium to create scientifically anchored statements in the T2 modified Delphi study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1647-1660
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Damage control interventions
  • Mass casualty incident
  • NIGHTINGALE project
  • Scoping review
  • Translational science

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