Adolescents' perceptions of parental practices: a cross-national comparison of Canada, France, and Italy

Margherita Lanz, Elena Marta, Michel Claes, Cyrille Perchec, Dave Miranda, Amélie Benoit, Françoise Bariaud, Éric Lacourse

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25 Citations (Scopus)


This study compares two dimensions of parenting-emotional bonding and control-as perceived by adolescents living in three countries: Canada (province of Québec), France, and Italy. A cross-sectional sample was composed of 1256 adolescents who filled out a self-report questionnaire. Multiple Correspondence Analyses provided a graphic synthesis of cross-cultural results. Results indicate that parents are perceived as highly emotionally bonded, yet the perception of parental control produced two contrasting models. Canadian adolescents perceive less control and disciplinary actions from parents, and more tolerance. Conversely, Italian adolescents perceive more requirements and rules, and stricter disciplinary actions, while French adolescents' perceptions fall between the two. Results also suggested a gradual decrease in the perception of parental control between the ages of 11 and 19 years across all three countries. This reduction in parental constraints is perceived earlier by Canadian adolescents and later by Italian adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-238
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Adolescent
  • Canada
  • Child
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • France
  • Italy
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parenting
  • Punishment
  • Questionnaires
  • Sex Factors
  • gender


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