Ad Omnia. Zibaldone della formazione roncalliana

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] In Omnia. Zibaldone of the Roncallian formation

Alessandro Persico

Research output: Book/ReportBook


[Autom. eng. transl.] After the first two years of the theological course, in January 1901 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli left Bergamo, to continue his studies at the Roman Seminary. The passage was supported by the then bishop of Bergamo, Camillo Guindani, who saw the potential of the young cleric, supporting his training at the pontifical university. Particularly after the publication of the encyclical Rerum Novarum, the last years of the Leonardo pontificate were marked in Rome by an extraordinary enthusiasm and growing ecclesial ferment, both from a cultural point of view - the first openings to the historical-positive method applied to the sacred sciences - as in the social field - the dynamism of young Christian democrats, for a more incisive support for the workers and peasants by the Church. In a Roman Seminary which, although closed in the rigid ecclesiastical tradition, tended its ears to the outside, letting filter through its walls, instances and solicitations that stirred the Holy City, the contact with this cultural luxuriance contributed to widen the gaze of the young cleric, towards a Catholicism committed to dialogue with the modern world. In the summer of 1901, returning to Bergamo for the holidays, waiting for military service, Roncalli immersed himself in the study, taking advantage of the spaces of the library of the Seminary of Bergamo. Two small notebooks remained of this work, named after the cleric from Bergamo, Ad Omnia. In addition to showing the method of study of the cleric, especially in synthesizing and annotating the texts, the document testifies to his early interest in the social doctrine of the Church. Starting from the awakening of Catholics, in his reflections and in his readings, the cleric converges different experiences - Americanism, the European Catholic social movement, French political Catholicism - towards the complex relationship between faith and reason within religious life , a theme approached not so much on the theological side, with its doctrinal and ecclesiological problems, as through the encounter of the Church with the mass movements and with the spiritual anxiety of modern man, therefore precociously starting from pastoral needs. Moreover, as demonstrated by the historiography in the formation of his spirituality, with the recovery of the Church Fathers and the edifying reference to martyrs and saints, Ad Omnia shows the formation of a Roncallian culture mediated by third readings, not only of a literary nature, but often essayistic or journalistic, whose contents were assimilated through the filter of his inner sensitivity.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] In Omnia. Zibaldone of the Roncallian formation
Original languageItalian
PublisherEdizioni Studium
Number of pages140
ISBN (Print)978-88-382-4375-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Americanismo
  • Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
  • Cultura ecclesiastica
  • Formazione seminaristica
  • Modernismo
  • Movimento sociale cattolico
  • Seminario Romano
  • Spiritualità


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