Ad Omnia. Zibaldone della formazione roncalliana

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] In Omnia. Zibaldone of the Roncalliana formation

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[Autom. eng. transl.] After the first two years of the theological course, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli left Bergamo in January 1901 to continue his studies at the Roman Seminary. The transition was supported by the then bishop of Bergamo Camillo Guindani, who glimpsed the potential of the young cleric, supporting his training at the pontifical university. Particularly after the publication of the encyclical Rerum novarum, the last years of the Leonian pontificate were marked in Rome by an extraordinary enthusiasm and by growing ecclesial ferments, both from a cultural point of view - the first openings to the historical-positive method applied to the sacred sciences - and in the social field - the dynamism of the young Christian Democrats, for a more incisive support to the working and peasant masses by the Church. In a Roman Seminary which, although closed in the rigid ecclesiastical tradition, kept its ears outward, thus letting the demands and solicitations that stirred the Holy City filter through its walls, the contact with this cultural luxuriance contributed to broaden the gaze of the young cleric, towards a Catholicism committed to dialogue with the modern world. In the summer of 1901, after returning to Bergamo for the holidays, waiting for military service, Roncalli immersed himself in his study, taking advantage of the spaces in the library of the Bergamo Seminary. Two small notebooks of this work remain, entitled Ad Omnia by the cleric from Bergamo. In addition to showing the cleric's method of study, especially in synthesizing and annotating texts, the document testifies to his early interest in the social doctrine of the Church. Starting from the awakening of Catholics, in his reflections and readings, the cleric converges various experiences - Americanism, the European Catholic social movement, French political Catholicism - towards the complex relationship between faith and reason within the religious experience. , a theme approached not so much on the theological side, with its doctrinal and ecclesiological problems, as through the encounter of the Church with the mass movements and with the spiritual anxiety of modern man, therefore precociously starting from pastoral needs. Furthermore, as demonstrated by historiography in the formation of its spirituality, with the recovery of the Fathers of the Church and the edifying reference to martyrs and saints, Ad Omnia shows the formation of a Roncallian culture mediated by third readings, not only of a literary nature, but often non-fiction or journalistic, whose contents were assimilated through the filter of his inner sensitivity.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] In Omnia. Zibaldone of the Roncalliana formation
Original languageItalian
PublisherEdizioni Studium
Number of pages140
ISBN (Print)978-88-382-4375-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Americanismo
  • Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
  • Cultura ecclesiastica
  • Formazione seminaristica
  • Modernismo
  • Movimento sociale cattolico
  • Seminario Romano
  • Spiritualità


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