A novel low-density lipoprotein receptor variant in a Ukrainian patient: a case report and overview of the disease-causing low-density lipoprotein receptor variants associated to familial hypercholesterolemia

Alfredo Pontecorvi, Andrea Giaccari, Simona Moffa, Maria Elisabetta Onori, Elisa De Paolis, Claudio Ricciardi Tenore, Alessia Perrucci, Angelo Minucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by high low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels and it is primarily caused by pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants (P/LPVs) in LDLR, APOB or PCSK9 genes. Next generation sequencing (NGS) technology allows the evaluation of more genes simultaneously, rising the diagnostic throughput of genomics laboratories. Materials and methods: We report a Ukrainian 37-year-old woman hypercholesterolemic since 2010. Despite a suggestive family history, FH was suspected only when the patient referred to the Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Center of the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS in Rome. After specialist advice, genetic testing was offered to the patient at our Molecular and Genomic Diagnostics Unit. Results: A targeted NGS-based pipeline highlighted a novel out-of-frame deletion in the LDLR gene. This variant has a clear deleterious effect on the LDLR protein and it can be classified as PV. Conclusions: The ideal model of care for FH is an evidence-based system aimed to provide the highest-quality health services to all FH patients. In fact, this study reports that the integrated care pathway adopted in our hospital for FH patients led successfully to the discovery of a novel LDLR PV in an Ukrainian patient. The finding of this LDLR variant allowed the clinical FH diagnosis in this patient and in her family, expanding the knowledge of FH-related genetic variants in the Ukrainian population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Volume2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • FH-Devyser Kit
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia
  • LDL-cholesterol
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Novel LDLR variant
  • Ukrainian population

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