A Mountain Pass-type Theorem for Vector-valued Functions

Enrico Miglierina, Ewa M. Bednarczuk, Elena Molho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The mountain pass theorem for scalar functionals is a fundamental result of the minimax methods in variational analysis. In this work we extend this theorem to the class of C^1 functions f : R^n → R^m, where the image space is ordered by the nonnegative orthant R^m_+. Under suitable geometrical assumptions, we prove the existence of a critical point of f and we localize this point as a solution of a minimax problem. We remark that the considered minimax problem consists of an inner vector maximization problem and of an outer set-valued minimization problem. To deal with the outer set-valued problem we use an ordering relation among subsets of R^m introduced by Kuroiwa. In order to prove our result, we develop an Ekeland-type principle for set-valued maps and we extensively use the notion of vector pseudogradient.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-587
Number of pages19
JournalSet-Valued and Variational Analysis
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • critical points
  • mountain pass theorem
  • pseudogradient


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