BACKGROUND: Expression of the angiogenic factor platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor is induced in some gastric carcinomas. Whether angiogenesis is induced early in the development of gastric pre-neoplastic lesions and whether Helicobacter pylori infection affects platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor expression is not known. AIM: To assess whether chronic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, gastric dysplasia and gastric carcinomas express platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor and whether Helicobacter pylori infection might affect the expression of platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor in these lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with gastric carcinomas, atrophic gastritis with associated intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia and controls without infection or carcinoma were studied. RESULTS: Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor was detected by immunohistochemistry in 9 out 19 gastric carcinomas (45%). Only focal immunostaining was detected in intestinal metaplasia adjacent to dysplasia and in dysplastic cells. Of the tumours, 90% contained platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor-positive interstitial cells. A significant correlation was found between active Helicobacter pylori infection and a larger number of platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor-positive interstitial cells in areas of intestinal metaplasia (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Helicobacter pylori infection does not influence the expression of platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, once gastric cancer has developed. However, Helicobacter pylori infection may increase the extension of expression of platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor by infiltrating interstitial cells in premalignant lesions, such as intestinal metaplasia, which may help create a favourable environment for tumour development. This may possibly be due to non-specific increase in recruitment of inflammatory cells caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Further studies, with a larger number of samples, are now needed in order to confirm this finding.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- H Pylori