A confirmatory factor analysis of the perceived ability to cope with trauma (PACT) scale

Emanuela Saita, Valentina Fenaroli, Chiara Zuliani, Chiara Acquati, George A. Bonanno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examines the factor structure of the Perceived Ability to Cope with Trauma (PACT) scale (Bonanno, Pat-Horenczyk, & Noll, 2011) in an Italian sample. The authors investigated whether the structure which emerged in the original scale is confirmed in a culturally different sample. Using data from a non-random sample of 450 Italian youths recruited through a snowball sampling approach, an explorative and a confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. The original two-factor structure (Forward Focus and Trauma Focus) was confirmed in the study. However, only 14 of the original 20 items were included in the resulting factor structure. The study highlights the challenges of cross-cultural measurement, in particular about the adaptation of a measure for a different culture. Theoretical and methodological implications are discussed. Further studies are necessary to collect additional information about the instrument and to better adapt it for the Italian population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-268
Number of pages14
JournalTPM. TESTING, PSYCHOMETRICS, METHODOLOGY IN APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Applied Psychology
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Coping flexibility
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Resilience
  • Scale validation
  • Social Psychology
  • Stressful events

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