In the years following the Roman conquest in 218 BC, Melita and Gaulos started to
produce their own bronze coinage. The largest island in the Maltese archipelago struck
11 issues. The last one was minted at the end of the Republican age, when Gaulos also
minted its only issue. Their coinage is very different in terms of types and languages.
Melita uses a multiplicity of types and all of them are religious images (heads of divinities,
gods, objects or animals related to them). The legends are written in Punic, Greek
or Latin. On the contrary, the coins from Gaulos have military types: a helmeted female
head on the obverse and a warrior on the reverse. The inscriptions are always in Greek.
The aim of this paper is to study how the identity of the two islands is expressed by
their coins, comparing their types and legends with literary sources, archaeological and
epigraphical evidence and coins minted in Roman times by towns in Sicily.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] 87. Melita and Gaulos: two territorial identities compared through the monetary document|
|Title of host publication||Moneta e identità territoriale: dalla polis antica alla civitas medievale|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Event||Incontro internazionale di studio del Lexicon Iconographicum Numismatica - Bologna|
Duration: 12 Sep 2013 → 13 Sep 2013
|Conference||Incontro internazionale di studio del Lexicon Iconographicum Numismatica|
|Period||12/9/13 → 13/9/13|
- Iconografia monetale
- Monetazione età romana repubblicana
- Zecche di Melita e Gaulos